70th Week of Daniel

Though many claim the tribulation is a 7 year period, it is only a bit more than half of that.  The 7 year time frame comes from mistakenly adding two descriptions of the tribulation in the book of Revelation together instead of seeing them alternatively as multiple descriptions of the same events.  Also there is the mistaken idea of the “70th week of Daniel” that people say must be played out.  This is yet another misread of the scripture which I will deal with below.  I understand how it happens though, and it can be cleared up without a lot of interpretational gymnastics.

This is said to be the 70th week of the prophecy of the prophet Daniel given to him by the angel Gabriel regarding Israel.  The fact is that in the book of Revelation a 42 month period is the focus, especially of the reign of the anti-Christ.  All of the Earth shattering cataclysms written there are for a considerably shorter period than that, and not until very near the end as you’ll see.  In *Daniel 9:27 the overspreading or “wing” of the temple indicated in that chapter referred to should translate as a “border.”  And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.  Jesus Himself makes it clear that He is the subject of Daniel’s prophecy in *Matthew 26:28 and Mark 14:24- And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.  This is Jesus quoting from the prophet Daniel and He applies this statement to Himself.  I wouldn’t recommend slapping the cup out of         His hand and telling Him He is cut off because He had a bit too much, as if we could tell Him we know better, that this quote should apply to the anti-Christ.  Yet this is just how people apply what was spoken by the angel in Daniel’s writings.  Speaking of his writings, people also go through numerical calculations to show how the angel told Daniel how to know when the Messiah would come.  There are a total of 70 “sevens” in the prophecy that are meant to be “weeks of years” or 490 years in total, beginning with a royal decree from the king where the Israelites were in captivity.  The question is: which decree?  There were several.  The popularized one is theorized to show 489 years ending on the very day Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey being hailed by the crowds.  It requires a “gap” of nearly two thousand years after the 69th week to reach the 70th week (of years) in the future tribulation period and states the covenant with many is made by the anti-Christ with the Jewish people.  It must also be noted that this theory has been found to be inaccurate due to discrepancies between calendars that cause the error.  Though it is a complex issue, suffice it to say that the popular theory demands all years in the formula have 360 days.  However the Jews have always used an adjustment to keep the holy days from “floating”.  You don’t see an accounting added for leap years, or, what are called intercalary months that are necessary to add to keep Jewish holy days from traveling all around the seasons in a strict lunar calendar.  Therefore the straightforward multiplication of days to “prophetic years” ends up doing butchery to the smooth flow of time that fits with the words of Jesus at the onset of His ministry and at the last supper.  But one of the other decrees, in 457 B.C. makes the 489th year end right about when Jesus is in a synagogue declaring to the hearers that the coming of the Messiah was being fulfilled on that very day!  See * Ezra 9:9 in reference to the inclusion of a wall being built in keeping with the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy.  If that weren’t enough there is historical evidence of the first part of this 70 week prophecy being fulfilled in a year that leaves no doubt that 360 day years were not being used in the calculation.  I tend to think Jesus should have a say in when the coming of the Messiah should be.  It also would coincide with Jesus being about 30 years old which is when the Gospel says He began preaching.  In this view Jesus is “cut off” in the midst of the week of years, meaning about 3.5 years into the final “week”.  It should then be assumed that after Jesus was crucified, the second 3.5 years of that final 7 year period ends when the first Gentiles are filled with the Holy Spirit as the apostles were.  Even more on this will be discussed below showing why there has been such a misread yet it is so popular.  The word for “temple” in that same chapter, (Daniel 9) which is what “it” is referring to in this sentence, (v.27) is actually used elsewhere even to refer to the very temple mount!  So what we have is an act of desecration by ultimately putting such a display on a border of the Temple Mount, the Wailing Wall!

Abomination of desolation: “Image of the beast”  –  “in the holy place “  –  “as God sits in the Temple”  –  “on a wing” of the Temple.

Jerusalem_wall_001 copy

 

One version of what the abomination of desolation will look like.

I take no credit for the following analysis but found it useful to sort out the things that people usually refer to.  To the best of my knowledge, it is credited to Tyson Hall.  I am sure there will be some who will appreciate the following.  It is meant to provide a way to more easily follow the way the passage in Daniel 9 can be understood.  As a side note, I have also read more than once that among Jewish people, Daniel is hardly ever read, and that it is even discouraged to do so.  By reading these passages they would know the time frame in which their Messiah came.  Sadly, the rejection of Jesus continues by too many of His own brothers, even as it was at that time.

Since the passage in *Daniel 9 is so central to those who devote themselves to the study of prophecy, the following will lay out the methodology for sorting out its design.  It is called a chiastic structure, a literary pattern that introduces contrasting or complimentary ideas noted as ideas A and B.

Alternating parallels

First of all there is no timeline as to the wrath of God in Scripture.

Nor are there any talking of one week divided up into two half weeks at the end of time. The 70th week belongs together with the other 69 weeks, which according to Ezra began when the Israelites were told to go back and rebuild Jerusalem. Ezra 7:25-26, the same as 457 B.C.

From the time of the beginning of the rebuilding of Jerusalem and until the coming of the Prince there would be 69 weeks (483 years; 27 A.D.); but in the middle of the 70th week (31 A.D.), the Prince would stop the offerings and He would be cut off.

We need to be very careful in our dealing with this specific prophecy, as it is dealing with two persons at the same time. This is Hebrew literary style when it is best.

If one is reading the Psalms, they can be constructed in 4 different ways:

1.Synonymous parallels 

A  He maketh the storm a calm,

A So that the waves thereof are still.

  1. Antithetical parallels. A The Lord knows the way of the righteous,
  2. B but the way of the wicked will perish.
  3. Synthetic parallels. Sometimes the second line simply adds to or completes the thought of the first line.

A  As a doe longs for running streams,

B  so longs my soul for you, my God.

(Ps. 42:1)

  1. Alternating parallels. As you become more aware of what to look for, you will often find two related ideas alternating with each other end extending through several verses. Psalm 37:3-5 provides an illustration.

A Trust in the Lord, and do good;

B so you will dwell in the land, and enjoy security.

A Take delight in the Lord,

B and he will give you the desires of your heart.

A Commit your way to the Lord; trust in him,

B and he will act.

Now let us do the same with Daniel 9:25-27 because of the alternating subjects seen.

“25 Know therefore and understand, [That] from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, [There shall be] seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times. 26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it [shall be] with a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined. 27 And he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate.”

A Messiah Prince to come

[1] Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince,

[2] There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks;                                                                                                

B The city to be rebuilt

[1] The street shall be built again, and the wall,

[2] Even in troublesome times.                                                                                                                                  

A Messiah to be cut off

[2] And after the sixty-two weeks

[1] Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself;

B Desolater Prince to destroy the city

[1] And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.

[2]The end of it shall be with a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined.

A Messiah to terminate sacrifices

[1] Then he shall confirm a covenant with many

[2] for one week;

[2′] But in the middle of the week

[1′] He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.

B The desolater prince to be destroyed

[2] And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate,

[1] Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate.

Do you see how the sections under the B headings alternate and contrast with the sections under the A headings? Do you also see that each of the A sections is subdivided into statements [1] about the Messiah and [2] about “weeks”? And that the B sections, which introduce us to the desolater prince, are subdivided into statements [1] about construction and destruction and [2] about distress and desolation?

The events in the A sections are unmistakably and intimately related to the seventy weeks. They are expressly dated to the seventy weeks, and they fit the spiritual purposes of the seventy weeks as announced in verse 24. The events in the B sections, however, are not expressly timed to the seventy weeks. They imply that the Holy City, Jerusalem, will be rebuilt within the allotted time, providing a place for Messiah to appear; but they are not explicitly dated. Neither do they directly fulfill the spiritual purpose of the seventy weeks as announced in verse 24.

God’s purpose Dan. 9:24

A Termination of sin through atonement

B Introduction of everlasting righteousness [through the cross at Jerusalem and the sanctuary in heaven]

A EVENTS FOR THE MESSIAH DURING THE 70 WEEKS (9:25-27)

At the end of 7+62 weeks Messiah to arrive

After the 7+62 weeks

Messiah to be cut off

During the 70th week

Messiah to keep covenant

In the middle of the 70th week

Messiah to stop sacrifices

B EVENTS RELATED TO THE 70 WEEKS, – NOT CONFINED TO THEM (9:25-27)

Jerusalem to be restored in difficult times

Jerusalem to be destroyed by a desolater prince

 The desolater prince himself to be destroyed

This is what clears it up for me: In the statements made here to Daniel, the angel is simply alternating between two different figures (Jesus and anti-Christ) that concern Israel through future times.  So this key event is widely held to be what is referred to as the “Abomination of Desolation.”  From the way it reads in *2 Thessalonians 2:4, this man would only need to appear on such a display in this place in a video clip or even in a live feed from a studio setup to look like he is in the Holy Place, in order to fulfill the prophecy. …“so that he as God sits in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.”  This verse has also been subject to a giant sized misread!  Because there were no punctuations in the Greek manuscripts, the original voice and inflection has been missed.  Paul is speaking of the manner in which this man will act, not the location.  He will sit as though he is… God (who is) sitting in the temple of God!  I can almost picture Paul as he was dictating to the one writing for him, slowing down, with his finger pointing up and solemnly, perhaps tearfully saying “as God sits in the Temple of God…”  But when put on paper it sounds to modern English speakers like he is talking about someone in a temple rather than someone mocking by the way he shows himself as God.  As I said, the original Greek manuscripts did not even have commas, periods, and certainly not parentheses, so these subtle nuances are sometimes missed.  At least the King James Version has italics for added words to show the honesty of the translators and help it not to sound like broken English as much.  I think these situations show the need for a few more carefully placed italicized words.  By this act being done in a video clip for example, in a studio perhaps made to look like the Holy Place in the Temple and displayed at the Wailing Wall, it would make the place desolate as nobody would pray toward this image.  And this is an image that can speak, according to John in *Revelation 13:15 above.  It would also be the only way the words of Jesus could be fulfilled regarding the same matter.  *Matthew 24:15- When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place.  The Holy Place spoken of is nothing less than the most inner chamber of the Temple where God’s presence was at the Ark of the Covenant.  There is no other way people could see inside the temple to fulfill the words of Jesus.  ONLY a high priest would ever be allowed into a real temple’s Holy Place and cameras would NEVER be allowed in.  So, in a mocking image displayed on the temple mount’s Wailing Wall showing a man made to look like he is in the Holy Place in the temple, all four scriptures could be fulfilled at once!

I also need to say something about *Daniel 9:24- A period of seventy sets of seven has been decreed for your people and your holy city to finish their rebellion, to put an end to their sin, to atone for their guilt, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to confirm the prophetic vision, and to anoint the Most Holy Place.  It is widely understood that this is 490 years.  So let’s call it that.  In other words, the angel who spoke this is saying 490 years are allotted for the following things to take place, Daniel.  It says that 6 elements must take place in that time period.  All of them have their fulfillments in the Messiah-Jesus, ALL within that 490 year time frame.  It is not difficult to find attesting quotes from the New Covenant of these elements having been embodied in Him.  These things are connected together here in scripture by God and should not be broken apart by men taking some of them outside of the given time frame!  Some say that these things aren’t all fulfilled yet.  For instance, it is said that He has not yet brought in everlasting righteousness.  I say, what kind did He bring in then?  Look around you, the story goes, do you see righteousness everywhere?  Bible commentaries even say that this meant for the Second Coming of Christ, even the text doesn’t say it is the way some force it to be read.  Yet we will see that at the end of a thousand years after His Second Coming there will be a massive sinful rebellion against God.  And evidence can be found of sinful people during this millennial reign as well.  So it is nothing more than obfuscation being used to protect a doctrine born of misunderstanding.

Lastly, although we have heard for some time now that there are preparations underway for Temple sacrifices to begin, somehow proving that a temple will be built before the return of Jesus, those who have been at the forefront of these efforts have in the past said that they are waiting for the Messiah to build it.  Their scriptural reason for this is in *Zechariah 6:12 & 13- Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.  Thus they await the Branch/Messiah for the Temple to be built.  Many Jewish people are not at all pleased with the idea of Christians wanting them to build a temple for a blaspheming anti-God man who desecrates it and utters contempt for anything that is worshipped.  These characteristics coincidentally rule out the idea of an Islamic anti-Christ as well as one of Jewish descent.  The first part of *2 Thessalonians 2:4 makes it clear that the devout of ANY faith will not be in league with him- Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped…Think of it, the Jewish people know fully that NOBODY, especially a mocking blasphemer, would be allowed into the Holy Place except for the high priest once per year as I already pointed out.  They would have to disregard their religion on this matter even though in all the centuries preceding they never have, or the anti-Christ would have to be the high priest!  Beyond this, such a temple would not match the dimensions given in the chapters of Ezekiel which WILL be built in the future.  Therefore God’s rebuilt temple in Jerusalem would have to be destroyed when Jesus returns, right after it is finished being built … to be desecrated.  God will not have two temples, so those who think one will be built before Jesus returns simply make God the one who destroys His own temple after He wanted them to build it for a satanic person!  Not very likely.  So again, there will be NO temple rebuilt until AFTER the return of Jesus!

The “fire from heaven” that the beast calls down from above is a weapon that strikes such fear into the nations so that they are afraid to challenge him.  *Revelation 13:13-  And he does great wonders, so that he makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men.   To see this accomplished we need only look at the technology shown in the June 2004 issue of Popular Science entitled “Spears from Space.”  It reveals how metallic projectiles in orbit can be guided by satellites to targets below.  The friction from the atmosphere creates an intense fireball capable of incinerating enemy military installations, troops deployed in the battle field, the best of man’s bunkers, or anything in its path, without radioactive fallout.  The possibility exists to be able to vaporize an entire city in a single hour!  This fearsome sight will bring nation after nation into submission.  There are also reports of achieving what used to be considered the holy grail of laser development, solid state lasers.  One research lab claims the ability to create pulsed laser beams with outputs that are 10,000 times greater than all of the electrical generating capacity in the U.S. combined.  It is needless to say that throughout history the most advanced technological developments go first to the military.  This should be no different as the funding for such research projects are tied to the government and/or its military industrial corporations.  Also consider what else can be done with the HAARP system or, High frequency Active Auroral Research Project.  Even though I know that many people ascribe virtually everything to the workings of this system, one possibility cannot be overlooked.  With the proper array of antennas to guide its beams of energy skyward and having it tuned properly while presumably on a mobile platform either in low earth orbit or focused from the ground, it has been theorized that a conductive column could be made to reach between the ionosphere and the land beneath.  This could possibly create a channel for tremendous amounts of sustained electrical power from the leading edge area of the Earth’s magnetic field.  That is, where it meets the oncoming solar wind.  This could make all of that accumulated raw energy discharge to the Earth below.  Think of the most powerful lightning bolt ever witnessed in history and multiply it by several hundred times at perhaps hundreds of times per second and you could get the picture of the power that could be unleashed.  If this is what is meant in scripture, the people using it may not even realize how much of a gamble it is.  In one report on the subject there was a stated fear that the consequences of such tampering could go so far as to short out or otherwise destroy our planet’s entire magnetic field completely.  We would lose all protection against the deadly elements from space and all life would die off in days at most.  Any one of these systems would give dominance to its users over their opponents.  Could this last one also be Satan’s last, desperate, “holding a gun to the head” of mankind in an attempt to win a final showdown with God?

In times past none could imagine *Revelation 11:9 making any sense.   And they of the people and tribes and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.  The bodies of two men, we are told, are seen by a global audience.  For centuries, without modern science, it could have never been. But now, with live satellite T.V., we hardly think twice of images being broadcast from around the world.  This provides yet another proof of today’s technology playing an essential role in understanding bible prophecy.  Though controversial, I hold to the belief that these two men are actually Elijah and Enoch.  These are the only two men declared in the scriptures to have not died, and Elijah is specifically foretold to be sent back before the end.  *Hebrews 9:27- And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:  *Genesis 5:24- And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.  *2Kings 2:11- And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.  *Malachi 4:5- Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:  *Revelation 11:4- And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.  This is, perhaps, one of the few examples of people who traveled through time, a concept usually left to science fiction movies.  We shall certainly see one day if this is the case.  Here is another thought; these two men may be endued with every known “gift of the Spirit” seen in the bible, and perhaps some never seen before.  Imagine them being able to speak any language, be immediately transported to any location or even have super strength!  It sounds wild but there are many examples of supernatural feats throughout the scriptures, all given by the same Holy Spirit that will certainly empower these men.